Κυριακή, 8 Ιουνίου 2014

ScienceDaily: Top Science News

ScienceDaily: Top Science News


Magnetic moment of the proton measured with unprecedented precision

Posted: 06 Jun 2014 07:19 AM PDT

Physicists succeeded in the first direct high-precision measurement of a fundamental property of the proton. Results will contribute to a better understanding of the matter/antimatter asymmetry.

For forests, an earlier spring than ever: climate change leads to increased growing season and allows forests to store more CO2

Posted: 05 Jun 2014 03:36 PM PDT

Over the last two decades, spurred by higher temperatures caused by climate change, scientists say, forests throughout the Eastern US have experienced earlier springs and later autumns than ever before. Over the last two decades, spurred by higher temperatures caused by climate change, scientists say forests throughout the Eastern U.S. have experienced earlier springs and later autumns than ever before.

New evidence links air pollution to autism, schizophrenia

Posted: 05 Jun 2014 12:57 PM PDT

A new study describes how exposure to air pollution early in life produces harmful changes in the brains of mice, including an enlargement of part of the brain that is seen in humans who have autism and schizophrenia. The mice performed poorly in tests of short-term memory, learning ability, and impulsivity. Study authors say the findings are very suggestive that air pollution may play a role in autism, as well as in other neurodevelopmental disorders.

Brain circuit problem likely sets stage for the 'voices' that are symptom of schizophrenia

Posted: 05 Jun 2014 11:19 AM PDT

Scientists have identified problems in a connection between brain structures that may predispose individuals to hearing the 'voices' that are a common symptom of schizophrenia. Researchers linked the problem to a gene deletion. This leads to changes in brain chemistry that reduce the flow of information between two brain structures involved in processing auditory information.

A new model of liver regeneration: Switch causes mature liver cells to revert back to stem cell-like state

Posted: 05 Jun 2014 11:17 AM PDT

Scientists have new evidence in mice that it may be possible to repair a chronically diseased liver by forcing mature liver cells to revert back to a stem cell-like state. The researchers happened upon this discovery while investigating whether a biochemical cascade called Hippo, which controls how big the liver grows, also affects cell fate. The unexpected answer is that switching off the Hippo-signaling pathway in mature liver cells generates very high rates of dedifferentiation. This means the cells turn back the clock to become stem-cell like again, thus allowing them to give rise to functional progenitor cells that can regenerate a diseased liver.

Complex neural circuitry keeps you from biting your tongue

Posted: 03 Jun 2014 01:21 PM PDT

Chewing requires a complex interplay in which the tongue pushes food into the teeth and then darts back to avoid being bitten. Researchers have used a sophisticated tracing technique to map the brain circuitry in mice that keeps mealtime relatively painless. The study could lend insight into a variety of human behaviors, from nighttime teeth grinding to smiling or complex vocalizations.

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