Τετάρτη, 28 Μαΐου 2014

ScienceDaily: Living Well News

ScienceDaily: Living Well News


Why don’t the highly educated smoke? Families kids grow up in play important role

Posted: 27 May 2014 07:17 PM PDT

It's well established that adults with college degrees are much less likely to smoke than adults with less education, but the reasons for this inequality are unclear. Families in which kids grow up and children's non-cognitive skills may matter far more than realized in explaining the robust association between education and smoking in adulthood.

Learning early in life may help keep brain cells alive: Brain cells survive in young who master a task

Posted: 27 May 2014 12:47 PM PDT

Using your brain -- particularly during adolescence -- may help brain cells survive and could impact how the brain functions after puberty. Scientists have found that the newborn brain cells in young rats that were successful at learning survived while the same brain cells in animals that didn't master the task died quickly.

Spontaneous thoughts are perceived to reveal meaningful self-insight

Posted: 27 May 2014 12:47 PM PDT

Scientists set out to determine how people perceive their own spontaneous thoughts and if those thoughts or intuitions have any influence over judgment. They found that spontaneous thoughts are perceived to provide potent self-insight and can influence judgment and decisions more than similar, more deliberate kinds of thinking -- even on important topics such as commitment to current romantic partners.

Physical activity helps maintain mobility in older adults

Posted: 27 May 2014 10:32 AM PDT

It's something we've all heard for years: Exercise can help keep older adults healthy. But now a study, the first of its kind, proves that physical activity can help older adults maintain their mobility and dodge physical disability.

People attribute free will to mind, not soul

Posted: 27 May 2014 07:12 AM PDT

A new study tested whether people believe free will arises from a metaphysical basis or mental capacity. Even though most respondents said they believed humans to have souls, they judged free will and assigned blame for transgressions based on pragmatic considerations -- such as whether the actor in question had the capacity to make an intentional and independent choice.

Heavily decorated classrooms disrupt attention and learning in young children

Posted: 27 May 2014 07:06 AM PDT

Maps, number lines, shapes, artwork and other materials tend to cover elementary classroom walls. However, new research shows that too much of a good thing may end up disrupting attention and learning in young children.

Clinical trial reaffirms diet beverages play positive role in weight loss

Posted: 27 May 2014 05:51 AM PDT

A new study confirms that drinking diet beverages can help people lose weight. "This study clearly demonstrates that diet beverages can in fact help people lose weight, directly countering myths in recent years that suggest the opposite effect -- weight gain," said a study co-author.

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