Τρίτη, 13 Μαΐου 2014

Newsletter for Tuesday 13 May


TODAY IN SCIENCE HISTORY
NEWSLETTER - 13 MAY

Feature for Today
On 13 May 1857, Ronald Ross was born, who became the first Briton to become a Nobelist. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1902 for his work on malaria, about which he made a significant discovery concerning its mode of transmission.

In 1899, he published a pamphlet titled Instructions For the Prevention of Malarial Fever For the Use of Residents of Malarious Places. This forms an excellent short article for readers of the Feature for Today
to enjoy "in his own words."

Book of the Day
On 13 May 1884, Cyrus Hall McCormick died. His father had been unsuccessful, after years of trying, to produce a successful machine for a certain task. Cyrus some years later was successful in that goal, and in 1843 participated in a widely publicized competition against a rival. By winning he had a heathy promotional start for his manufacturing business for that machine, and he remains recognized for developing its first commercially successful design. (Which machine was that. Well it's the question in the quiz below.) To day's Science Store pick is: Cyrus Hall McCormick: His Life and Work , by Herbert N. Casson. McCormick lived in that heroic period of industrial advancement, vhen great things were done by great individuals. Chances are, his name is familiar to you, and you found it easy to name his invention in the quiz below. In which case you know how important revolutionary it was. And yet, he was a decent man that contrasts with the behaviour of many of the other industrial barons of his era. That aspect of his life may be unfamiliar to you, and that is a good reason to look more extensively into this great man's biography! Illustrated editionNew Price $34.95. Also available Used from $15.99 (as of time of writing).

Yesterday's pick: Dorothy Hodgkin: A Life, by Georgina Ferry

For picks from earlier newsletters, see the Today in Science Science Store home page.


Quotations for Today
"The Panama Canal was dug with a microscope."
- Sir Ronald Ross, attributed, English physician and bacteriologist (born 13 May 1857)  Quotes Icon

"I, however, believe that for the ripening of experience the light of an intelligent theory is required. People are amused by the witticism that the man with a theory forces from nature that answer to his question which he wishes to have but nature never answers unless she is questioned, or to speak more accurately, she is always talking to us and with a thousand tongues but we only catch the answer to our own question."
- Friedrich Gustav Jacob de Henle, German pathologist and anatomist (died 13 May 1885) Quotes Icon
"The seeds of great discoveries are constantly floating around us, but they only take root in minds well-prepared to receive them."
- American physicist in the quiz below (died 13 May 1878) Quotes Icon

QUIZ
Before you look at today's web page, see if you can answer some of these questions about the events that happened on this day. Some of the names are very familiar. Others will likely stump you. Tickle your curiosity with these questions, then check your answers on today's web page.
Births

Sir Ronald Ross, born 13 May 1857 was a British bacteriologist who received the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1902 for his work on malaria.
What did he find about the way in which malaria is transmitted?
Deaths

Cyrus Hall McCormick, an American industrialist and inventor (1809-1884) is generally credited with the development of the first commercially succesful design for a certain type of machine. To establish its functionality, he participated in a widely publicized competition with a rival, which he won. This launched his manufacturing business.
Can you name his important inventionr?

An American scientist (1797-1878) was one of the first great ones after Benjamin Franklin. He was also the first secretary of the Smithsonian Institution. But it was his discovery of self-inductance for which he is most remembered and his name is now used for the SI the unit of inductance.
Can you name this man?
Events

In 1958, the trademark name for a certain new type of  fastener was registered in the U.S. The inventor was inspired by burrs sticking to his clothes.
What is the name of this fastener?

In 1913, Igor Sikorsky of Russia built and flew an airplane with a certain number of engines
How many engines were on this first airplane of its type?

In 1637, Cardinal Richelieu in France created a replacement for the dagger, in at least this civilized use. He had the points rounded off.
What was the use for his new design?

Answers

When you have your answers ready to all the questions above, you'll find all the information to check them, and more, on the May 13 web page of Today in Science History. Or, try this link first for just the brief answers.

Fast answers for the previous newsletter for May 12: penicillin, vitamin B-12; Justus Liebig; polytetrafluoroethylene - Teflon; nitrogen; Dvorak; the decade including the year 1886; eagle.

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